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Angular vs Vue vs React: Which Framework Is Best for Web Development?

Angular vs Vue vs React

Selecting the ideal framework for web development is a pivotal decision for businesses aiming to stay ahead in the digital realm. However, with a plethora of frameworks available, making this choice has become increasingly complex.

Among these web app development frameworks, Angular, Vue, and React have emerged as prominent contenders. Each framework offers its unique set of features, advantages, and drawbacks, leading to ongoing debates among developers about which one reigns supreme.

This blog seeks to unravel the intricacies of this decision-making process by providing a comprehensive comparison of Angular, Vue, and React. By examining their respective strengths and weaknesses, we aim to guide you toward selecting the most suitable framework for your web development endeavors.

Let’s delve into the comparison!

What is Angular.JS?

Angular is a powerful front-end framework developed and maintained by Google, designed to facilitate the creation of dynamic web applications. It offers a structured approach to web development, allowing developers to build single-page applications (SPAs) and progressive web apps (PWAs) with ease. 

Angular is renowned for its robust features, extensive capabilities, and adherence to the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, which promotes code organization and maintainability. This framework provides developers with a comprehensive set of tools and functionalities to streamline the development process and create high-performance web applications.

Key Features of Angular

Two-Way Data Binding

One of the standout features of the Angular web application development framework is its powerful two-way data binding capability. This automatically synchronizes the data between the model and the view, ensuring that any changes made to the model are reflected in the view, and vice versa. Furthermore, this simplifies the development process and reduces the need for manual DOM manipulation.

Dependency Injection

Angular comes with built-in support for dependency injection, which allows developers to inject dependencies into components, services, and other parts of the application. This promotes code reusability and makes it easier to manage dependencies, leading to more modular and maintainable code.

Key Features of Angular.JS


The Angular framework provides a rich set of built-in directives, such as ngIf, ngFor, and ngClass that enable web app developers to extend HTML with custom behavior. Furthermore, these directives allow developers to add dynamic functionality to their templates, making it easier to create interactive and responsive user interfaces.

Reactive Forms

Angular offers robust support for building complex forms with its reactive forms module. These forms allow web app developers to create dynamic forms that react to user input in real time, enabling features, such as form validation, error handling, and form submission.

CLI Tools

Angular comes with a powerful Command Line Interface (CLI) that streamlines the web application development process. Furthermore, it provides developers with a set of commands for generating components, services, modules, and other artifacts, as well as for building, testing, and deploying Angular applications.

Comprehensive Ecosystem

The Angular framework offers a robust ecosystem comprising various tools, libraries, and extensions aimed at enhancing the web application development experience. This ecosystem caters to the diverse needs and preferences of developers, ranging from UI component libraries like Angular Material to advanced state management solutions like NgRx. 

Advantages of Angular

Comprehensive Framework

Angular provides a comprehensive solution for software development & web application development, offering built-in features for routing, forms handling, HTTP clients, and more. Furthermore, this comprehensive framework reduces the need for external dependencies, streamlining the development process for Angular web applications.

Strong Community Support

Angular boasts a vibrant community of developers, contributors, and enthusiasts who actively contribute to its growth and evolution. This active community provides ample resources, documentation, tutorials, and support forums to assist web app developers in overcoming challenges and learning best practices.

Built-in Security Features

Angular comes with built-in security features designed to protect web applications from common vulnerabilities, such as cross-site scripting (XSS) and cross-site request forgery (CSRF). By default, Angular implements strict content security policies (CSP) and sanitization mechanisms to prevent malicious attacks and ensure the integrity of user input.

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Enhanced Testability

Angular’s architecture and design patterns promote testability, making it easier for web app developers to write unit tests, integration tests, and end-to-end tests for their web applications. Additionally, Angular’s dependency injection system and modular architecture facilitate the isolation of components and services, enabling developers to mock dependencies and perform comprehensive testing across different layers of the application.

Seamless Integration with Backend Services

Angular seamlessly integrates with backend services and APIs, allowing developers to build robust and scalable web applications that communicate efficiently with server-side resources. Whether using RESTful APIs, GraphQL endpoints, or WebSocket protocols, Angular provides built-in features for handling HTTP requests, managing state, and interacting with external data sources.

Disadvantages of Angular

Steeper Learning Curve

Angular’s comprehensive nature and complex concepts can present a steep learning curve for beginners. Developers with prior experience in web development may find it challenging to grasp Angular’s concepts and conventions initially, requiring additional time and effort to become proficient.

Size and Performance

The size of the Angular framework tends to be larger compared to lightweight frameworks, resulting in longer load times for web applications. While Angular provides tools for optimizing performance, web app developers must be mindful of the impact of framework size on application performance, especially for users with limited bandwidth or slower devices.

Migration and Versioning

The Angular framework has undergone significant updates and changes over the years, leading to challenges in migrating between different versions of the framework. Web app developers may encounter compatibility issues and breaking changes when upgrading Angular applications to newer versions, necessitating thorough testing and careful consideration of dependencies.

Complex Templating Syntax

Angular’s templating syntax, which includes directives, interpolation, and structural directives, can be complex and overwhelming for some developers. Mastering Angular’s templating syntax requires time and effort, especially for developers transitioning from other frameworks or technologies, potentially leading to slower development cycles and increased learning curves.

Limited SEO Support

Angular’s client-side rendering approach may pose challenges for search engine optimization (SEO) compared to server-side rendering solutions. Developers need to implement additional techniques and strategies, such as prerendering or server-side rendering, to ensure proper indexing and crawling of Angular web applications by search engines, which can add complexity to the development process and impact performance.

Curious about which web application development framework will dominate the future? Dive into our comprehensive blog to discover the insights you need: Which Web Application Development Framework Will Be Ruling In 2020? 

What is Vue.JS?

Vue.JS is a progressive JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces and single-page applications (SPAs). It was developed by Evan You in 2014 and since then it has gained popularity among developers for its simplicity, flexibility, and performance.

At its core, the Vue framework focuses on the view layer of an application, providing developers with tools and patterns to create interactive and dynamic user interfaces. Vue’s design philosophy revolves around simplicity and ease of use, making it accessible to developers of all skill levels.

Key Features of Vue

Reactive Data Binding

The Vue framework provides a simple and efficient way to handle data binding between the model and the view. Its reactivity system automatically updates the DOM when the data changes, eliminating the need for manual DOM manipulation and making the app development process more intuitive and efficient.

Component-Based Architecture

Vue allows web app developers to build encapsulated and reusable components, which can be composed together to create complex user interfaces. This component-based architecture promotes code reuse, maintainability, and scalability, as components can be easily shared and integrated into different parts of the application.

Key Features of Vue.JS

Virtual DOM

Vue utilizes a virtual DOM to optimize rendering performance. This virtual DOM is a lightweight copy of the actual DOM, used to efficiently track and update changes to the user interface. By minimizing DOM manipulations, Vue improves rendering speed and enhances the overall performance of web applications.

Directives and Templates

Vue provides a rich set of directives and templates that simplify the creation of dynamic and interactive user interfaces. Directives, such as v-if, v-for, and v-bind allow developers to add conditional rendering, list rendering, and attribute binding to their templates, respectively, making it easier to create dynamic and responsive UIs.

Developer-Friendly Syntax

With its clear and concise syntax, Vue allows web app developers to write clean and readable code, reducing the cognitive load and making it easier to maintain and collaborate on projects. Additionally, Vue’s template syntax closely resembles HTML, making it accessible to developers with varying levels of expertise. 

Vue Router and Vuex

Vue comes with official libraries for routing (Vue Router) and state management (Vuex), which seamlessly integrate with Vue applications. Vue Router allows developers to implement client-side routing and navigation in single-page applications (SPAs), while Vuex provides a centralized state management solution for managing application-level data and state changes. These libraries enhance the scalability, maintainability, and organization of Vue applications.

Advantages of Vue

Progressive Framework

Vue is often praised for its progressive nature, allowing web app developers to incrementally adopt it into existing projects or start from scratch. This flexibility makes Vue suitable for projects of any size and complexity, catering to the needs of developers and businesses alike.

Minimalistic Approach

Vue embraces a minimalist philosophy, prioritizing simplicity and ease of use. Unlike other frameworks, Vue’s core library is lightweight and focused, providing essential features without unnecessary bloat. This minimalist approach enhances performance and developer productivity, allowing for faster load times and more streamlined development workflows.

Versatile Templating System

With features like computed properties, watchers, and filters, Vue allows web app developers to manipulate data and update the UI with ease. This versatility enables developers to build complex UIs while maintaining clean and maintainable code.

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Vue DevTools

Vue comes with official browser DevTools that provide a suite of debugging and inspection tools for Vue applications. These web development tools allow developers to inspect component hierarchies, track state changes, and profile performance, making it easier to debug and optimize Vue applications. Additionally, Vue DevTools offers a time-traveling debugger, enabling developers to rewind and replay state changes for easier debugging.

Simplicity and Ease of Learning

Vue is known for its simple and intuitive syntax, making it easy for developers to learn and use. With its clear and concise documentation, Vue lowers the barrier to entry for new web app developers and allows for rapid onboarding onto projects.

Disadvantages of Vue

Smaller Ecosystem

While Vue has a growing ecosystem of tools, libraries, and plugins, it is still smaller compared to more established frameworks like React and Angular. This may limit the availability of third-party integrations and support resources for Vue web app projects.

Limited Corporate Backing

Unlike Angular (backed by Google) and React (backed by Facebook), Vue lacks strong corporate backing, which may raise concerns about long-term support and sustainability for enterprise-level projects.

Learning Curve for Advanced Features

While the Vue framework is easy to learn and get started with, mastering advanced features and optimization techniques may require additional time and effort. Developers may encounter challenges when working with complex state management, server-side rendering, or performance optimization in Vue web applications.

Fragmented Community

Due to its relative newcomer status compared to other frameworks, Vue has a more fragmented community, with fewer established best practices and conventions. This may result in inconsistency and variability in coding styles and project structures across Vue projects.

Limited Tooling and DevOps Support

Vue has fewer built-in tools and official support for DevOps practices compared to more established frameworks. This may require web app developers to rely on third-party tools and plugins for tasks such as testing, debugging, and deployment, potentially adding complexity to the development workflow.

What is React.JS?

React.JS is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook for building user interfaces. It is widely used for creating dynamic and interactive web applications with a component-based architecture. 

React allows developers to create reusable UI components, which can be composed together to build complex user interfaces.

Key Features of React

Component-Based Architecture

React uses a component-based architecture, where UIs are built from reusable and encapsulated components. Each component represents a specific part of the UI, like buttons or form inputs, and can be combined to create complex interfaces. This approach promotes code reuse, modularity, and maintainability by breaking down the UI into smaller, self-contained units. Furthermore, it simplifies development, enhances collaboration, and streamlines the management of large-scale applications.

Virtual DOM

React utilizes a virtual DOM to efficiently track and update changes to the user interface. For instance, when there’s a change in an application’s state, React compares the current version of the virtual DOM with the previous version. It then computes the minimum set of DOM mutations required to update the UI. This approach minimizes DOM manipulations and enhances rendering speed, resulting in a smoother user experience.

Key Features of React.JS


JSX is a syntax extension for JavaScript that allows web app developers to write HTML-like code within their JavaScript files. JSX makes it easier to define UI components and their structure, as it closely resembles HTML markup. Furthermore, JSX code can be transpired into plain JavaScript during the build process, enabling developers to leverage the full power of JavaScript while building UIs with React.

One-Way Data Binding

React enforces a unidirectional data flow, where data flows down from parent components to child components via props. This one-way data flow ensures predictable and consistent behavior within the application, making it easier to debug and reason about data changes.

Server-Side Rendering (SSR)

React supports server-side rendering, allowing developers to render React components on the server and send the pre-rendered HTML to the client. SSR improves initial page load performance and search engine optimization (SEO) by delivering fully rendered content to the browser. 

Reusability and Composition

React promotes reusability and composition by encouraging the creation of small, composable components that can be combined to build complex UIs. Components can be easily reused across different parts of the application or even in multiple applications, reducing duplication of code and improving code maintainability.

Advantages of React

Community and Industry Adoption

React boasts a vast and thriving community of developers, with widespread adoption in the industry. This popularity ensures ample support, resources, and job opportunities for developers. Moreover, the extensive ecosystem of React tools, libraries, and frameworks empowers developers to build robust and feature-rich applications efficiently.

Performance Optimization

React’s efficient rendering mechanism and virtual DOM management contribute to superior performance in web applications. By minimizing DOM operations and strategically updating only the necessary components, React ensures faster rendering and smoother user interactions. This performance optimization is particularly beneficial for high-traffic websites and applications requiring real-time updates.

Strong Developer Tools

The React framework offers a suite of powerful developer tools that streamline the development process and aid in debugging and optimization. Tools like React Developer Tools, Redux DevTools, and React Profiler provide insights into component hierarchies, state management, and performance metrics, enabling developers to diagnose issues and optimize application performance effectively.

Mobile App Development with React Native

React extends its versatility beyond web development to mobile app development with React Native. This framework empowers developers to create cross-platform mobile applications using JavaScript and React. By adopting this approach, developers can leverage code sharing between web and mobile platforms, which accelerates development and minimizes maintenance overhead.

Easy Integration with Existing Projects

React’s incremental adoption approach makes it seamless to integrate into existing projects, regardless of the underlying technology stack. Whether adding React components to legacy applications or combining React with other frameworks like Angular or Vue, React’s flexible architecture and ecosystem facilitate smooth integration without disrupting the existing codebase. Furthermore, this interoperability ensures compatibility and future-proofing of applications, enabling gradual migration and modernization efforts.

Disadvantages of React

Tooling and Configuration Overhead

Setting up a React project and configuring build tools like Webpack or Babel can be daunting, especially for developers who are new to the JavaScript ecosystem. Furthermore, managing dependencies, configuring build scripts, and optimizing production builds can add overhead to the development process and require additional time and expertise.

Lack of Opinionated Structure

Unlike Angular, React does not enforce a strict project structure or conventions out of the box. While this flexibility allows for greater customization and freedom, it can also result in inconsistency and variability across projects. Developers may need to establish their own best practices and conventions, leading to potential maintenance challenges in larger teams or projects.

JSX Limitations

While JSX offers a convenient way to write HTML-like code within JavaScript, some developers may find it challenging to work with JSX, especially those who prefer separating markup and logic. Additionally, JSX can introduce a learning curve for developers accustomed to traditional templating languages, which may impact the onboarding process for new team members.

Performance Considerations

While React’s virtual DOM and efficient rendering mechanisms contribute to excellent performance in most cases, poorly optimized component rendering or excessive re-renders can still impact application performance. Developers need to be mindful of performance considerations, such as minimizing unnecessary renders, optimizing component lifecycles, and implementing memoization techniques, to ensure optimal performance in React applications.

Fragmentation in Ecosystem

React’s open-source nature has led to a fragmented ecosystem with numerous third-party libraries, frameworks, and tools. While this diversity offers flexibility and choice, it can also result in compatibility issues, maintenance challenges, and decision fatigue for developers. 

Need a web framework other than Angular, Vue, and React? Explore our guide on the Advantages of Laravel Web Development Services for Businesses.

Angular vs Vue vs React

Initial Release201020142011
DeveloperGoogleEvan YouFacebook
RenderingRegular DOMVirtual DOMVirtual DOM
Learning CurveSteepEasyModerate
Data BindingTwo-wayOne-wayOne-way
Mobile SupportIonicWeexReact Native
Size143KB (core)23KB (core)31.8KB (core)
CompaniesGoogle, Upwork, MS OfficeUpWork, Netflix, NintendoFacebook, Airbnb, Netflix
ToolingAngular CLIVue DevtoolsReact Dev Tools
State ManagementRxJS, NgRxVuexRedux, Context API


All three of these frameworks have numerous advantages to offer, but choosing the right framework depends on what your projects require.

If you are still caught up between these three frameworks, our experts can help you. At Jellyfish Technologies, we specialize in web app development and are committed to delivering high-quality web applications that meet your business objectives. From conceptualization to deployment, we ensure that your project is executed seamlessly, leveraging the latest technologies and best practices in the industry.

Partner with us for your web app development needs, and let our expertise drive your success. 

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